iGENEA
Percentaged origin

The origin of all ancestors is determined according to regions and percentages. A world map shows your different origins.

Find relatives

You will receive a list of genetic relatives in your online result. You can contact your relatives by email to find out more about your family and background.

Result with certificate

In addition to the online result, you will receive a noble certificate of origin in a picture frame and other documents in an elegant folder.

Ancient tribe

You will know the haplogroup and migrations (prehistoric time), the primitive people (antiquity) as well as the region of origin (Middle Ages) of the paternal line (men) OR the maternal line (women).

All ancient tribes

Only with the iGENEA Expert Test you will know the exact haplogroups and migrations (prehistoric times), the peoples of origin (antiquity) and regions of origin (Middle Ages) of the paternal AND maternal line.

Find all relatives

Only with the iGENEA Expert Test you will find all your genetic relatives in our database.

More relatives

You will receive an additional list of other relatives of the paternal line (men) OR the maternal line (women).

Personal guidance

Phone:0041 43 817 13 91

info@igenea.com Live-Chat WhatsApp

Ancient tribe Chinese

Origin

Archeological discoveries prove that the so-called Yangshao Culture already existed on the middle Huang He in the third millennium B.C. According to one list of rulers that has been preserved, the Xia Dynasty is supposed to have ruled from 2,250 to 1,766 B.C. The first Dynasty that is attested both historically and literarily as well as archeologically is the Shang Dynasty, which ruled in the 15th to 11th centuries B.C. Excavations are indicative of a highly developed culture with bronze art and a written language that had more than 2,000 word-symbols (pictographs). The priestly caste had a great influence, the ruler a religious position.
From approximately 1,100 to 249 B.C. the Zhou Dynasty ruled. The state was feudal in nature, surrounded by the territories of vassals, who expanded their power in battles against other tribes on all sides. From the wars of these absolutist individual states, the Qin state emerged as the victor, and their ruler named himself the "First Emperor" in 221 B.C. Under him there began a rigorous unification of administrative practices and the economy, and a border wall was erected in northern China to provide security from outside threats. This tyrannical rule led in 210 B.C. to uprisings, after which the Han Dynasty came to power in 206 B.C. During the Han Dynasty, China became a centralized theocratic state of bureaucrats. Historical and literary studies reached a high degree of sophistication and art became secularized and refined.


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Han Chinese

Since the term "Chinese" in German (and English) does not clearly distinguish between citizens of the state of China and members of the Han-nationality, which is to say the 'ethnic Chinese', the term 'Han Chinese' has increasingly gained acceptance. In Chinese, clear distinctions are made between the Chinese as citizens of a nation state (Zhongguoren, "Person from the Land in the Middle") and the 'ethnic Chinese' (Hanzuren, or Hanren, "Person of the Han-people"). The Hakka, for their part, represent in the Chinese view a sub-group of the Han Chinese.

Approximately 91.6% of the populace of the People's Republic of China and 98% of the Republic of China (Taiwan) are Han. Alongside the Han Chinese, there are in the People's Republic 55 and in the Republic 12 officially recognized ethnic groups. In addition to these, there are 15–20 ethnic groups, who are not officially recognized as independent ethnicities.

Actually, however, even the Han Chinese are not as homogeneous an ethnic group as is assumed by modern state institutions. The heterogeneity manifests itself, for example, in the various languages within Chinese and in the names for regions and their inhabitants that are older than the Han Dynasty (e.g. Wu or Shu). Other dynasties are also used for onomastic purposes. The southern Chinese named themselves (and still do in other countries in southeast Asia) Tang, and not Han, since their territories were first settled by the Tang from the north and not the Han. The autochthon population either let itself be displaced or assimilated.

Most "overseas Chinese" descend from the Han. The essential cultural elements are the common written language used with dialects that are in part very different from each other and a consciousness of a common history and tradition.

Genetic indigenous peoples by iGENEA

Jews Vikings Celts Germanic Tribes Basques Aboriginal Australians Arabs Berbers Chinese Dacians Etruscans Iberians Indigenous peoples of the Americas Inka Inuit Italic peoples Japanese people Kurds Ligures Maya Mongols Oceanic tribes Persians Romani people Scythians Slavs Tibetans Phoenicians Indians Koreans Bantus Turkic peoples Sámi people Illyrians Vandals Balts Macedonians Hellenes Huns Thracians Finno-Ugric peoples Indo-Europeans

DNA origins analysis and genealogy: about the test

A Mucus Sample suffices to get a sample of your DNA. Taking the sample is simple and painless and can be done at home. Send the samples with the envelop included in the sampling kit.

Order test kit
Order test kit:

by telephone, e-mail or on the website

Get test kit
Get test kit:

delivery takes a few days

Take samples
Take samples:

at home, simple and painless

Send in samples
Send in samples:

with the enclosed envelope

Result
Result:

written and online after approx. 6 - 8 weeks

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